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Homogenization of Milk: What It Is and How to Process

Homogenized Milk Meaning

Milk is a very complex meal with about 100,000 distinct molecular types. Homogenization is the process of separating fat by blasting it through a nozzle at high pressure and temperature, transforming the fat into small undetectable particles that pass straight by your taste sensations unnoticed. The majority of milk sold in shops today is homogenized.

What Is Homogenized Milk

Homogenizer machine  are high-pressure, heavy-duty pumps with a specific valve at the discharge end. Homogenizers in milk production are meant to reduce fat globules from their usual size of up to 18 micrometers to less than 2 micrometers in diameter (a micrometer is one-millionth of a meter).

Hot milk (with the fat liquid) is pushed under high pressure through the valve, resulting in a consistent and stable distribution of fat throughout the milk. Milk homogenization advantages include a whiter look, a richer flavor, more consistent viscosity, improved “whitening” in coffee, and gentler curd tension (making the milk more digestible for humans).

Is All Milk Homogenized

Not all milk is homogenized; some just go through pasteurization, which is the process of boiling milk and then rapidly chilling it to kill specific germs. Most readily available milk in supermarkets or public stores are homogenized.

Homogenized Milk

Homogenization is a whole distinct process that usually happens after pasteurization. Homogenization is used to break down fat molecules in milk so that they do not separate.

When Did Homogenized Milk Start

August Gaulin created homogenization in France in 1899. Homogenized milk was initially introduced to the consumer market in the 1920s, and demand for the product has grown to the point that practically all milk on the market is homogenized. Homogenization has no effect on the milk’s composition.

Homogenized Milk vs Whole Milk

Homogenized milk has been homogenized, which breaks up the fat globules into smaller fat droplets that will not separate out of solution. Any milk purchased in a shop has been homogenized.

Whole milk is defined as milk that contains at least 3.25% milk fat. This distinguishes it from skim, reduced fat, and low fat milk, which all have lower milk fat percentages. That is the sole distinction between them.

Homogenized Milk Benefits: Why Is Milk Homogenized

The fundamental benefit of homogenizing milk is that it only affects the size of the fat globules, making them more consistent, and so the fat is more equally distributed throughout the milk. This implies that the fat will not float to the top of the liquid or stick to the container’s edges.

Commercial milk is homogenized for physical stability, which reduces the size of fat droplets and includes caseins and some whey proteins at the droplet interface. This appears to improve digestion over untreated milk.

Here are clear importance of milk Homogenization:

  • A uniform distribution of fat, no cream layer on the top
  • Full-bodied flavor
  • Whiter, more appetizing color
  • Longer shelf life (up to 11 days or so)

What Occurs When Milk Is Homogenized

Milk is homogenized not for taste, but to give milk its familiar rich, white color and smooth texture. This method avoids cream from rising to the top and saves you from having to stir the cream back into the milk before drinking it. The homogenization procedure has no influence on the flavor or composition of your milk.

How Long Does Homogenized Milk Last

The smaller the fat globules in milk, the longer the shelf life of the milk. And the higher the needed pressure and energy input from the homogenizer, the smaller the fat globules. The life duration of milk that goes through this process is lengthy, emphasizing the need of good homogenization.

Homogenization Of Milk

Homogenizing milk entails processing the milk to eliminate fat globules and make the finished product smoother and lower in fat content. Most liquids in supermarkets or stores must be homogenized for various reasons.

Milk Homogenization: What’s The Purpose And Importance

Homogenizing milk entails processing the milk to eliminate fat globules and make the finished product smoother and lower in fat content. Most liquids in supermarkets or stores must be homogenized for various reasons.

  • Homogenizing milk allows it to last longer while still being fresh.
  • Milk digestion is aided by homogenizing it.
  • Milk’s flavor and color are improved through homogenization.
  • Homogenized milk is a fantastic commodity for cooking and preparing certain cuisines.

How To Homogenize Milk?

Milk Homogenization Process Step by Step

Raw milk is passed through an atomizer to generate small particles that spread the fat evenly throughout the milk, preventing it from rising to the top of the container. This procedure is carried out in two parts:

  • The milk is first squeezed by the machine through microscopic pores or tubes. The fat particles begin to break apart as the pressure builds due to the tiny diameter of the pores and the steady flow of milk. Obviously, the smaller the particles, the higher the pressure. Milk is typically packed at 2,000-3,000 pounds per square inch. Having said that, certain emulsifying machines may apply pressures of up to 14,500 psi.
  • The second stage of homogenization involves breaking up these clumps and distributing the particles uniformly throughout the milk. Pasteurization comes before all of these stages.

Milk Homogenizer Machine

A milk homogenizer machine may pressurize the milk and disperse the macromolecular elements of the milk more carefully. The machine works basically through two effects, first the Cavitation effect and secondly Shearing effect. The qualities will be more homogeneous after homogenization, the flavor will be purer, and there will be no floating fat.

Homogenization in Milk Processing

In the food processing industry, the milk homogenizer machine primarily refines the material liquid by the threefold action of extrusion, powerful impact, and pressure loss expansion, allowing the components to be more equally mixed with each other. The whiteness of the homogenized milk will be improved. A milk homogenizer is a vital piece of machinery in the food, dairy, and beverage processing sectors.

Industrial Processing of Milk

Milk is perishable so it usually processed few hours after it has been collected, here are the processes involved in industrial milk processing:

  • Collection: Through mechanical vacuum milking machine
  • Separation: a clarifier or a separator spins the milk through a series of conical disks inside an enclosure.
  • Fortification: Adding Vitamin A and D through peristaltic pump
  • Pasteurization
  • Homogenization
  • Packaging

Milk Collection Process

  • Vacuum cups affixed to the teats of cows are used to milk them.
  • The milk is transported via stainless steel pipes to massive refrigerated vats, where it is kept at 5°C or less.
  • Milk is transported in tankers to a milk plant within 48 hours and pasteurized and homogenized.

Centrifugal Separating

This method eliminates part or all of the cream through high speed spinning, resulting in reduced-fat, low-fat, or skim milk. Skim milk solids can be put back in to enhance the taste and texture while also adding nutrients like protein and calcium.


A peristaltic pump can be used to add vitamins A and D to the milk at this time. A clarifier eliminates any debris, bacteria, or silt that may be present in raw milk. After that, the milk is fortified and pasteurized.


To destroy microorganisms, the milk—whole milk, skim milk, or homogenized milk—is routed into a pasteurizer. The most prevalent pasteurization method is the high-temperature, short-time (HTST) procedure, in which the milk is heated while it passes constantly through the pasteurizer.


The majority of milk is homogenized in order to minimize the size of the residual milk fat particles. This keeps the milk fat from separating and rising to the top as cream. It also guarantees that the milk fat is spread evenly throughout the milk.


This transports milk over a membrane under moderate pressure, including protein, fat globules, and a considerable quantity of calcium complexes.


This process is divided into two: Reverse and Ultra. In the dairy sector, reverse osmosis (RO) plants are used to concentrate milk in order to minimize shipment volumes and transit costs. Milk is made up of around 87 percent water and 13 percent solids. The milk concentration process removes water from chilled milk using extremely small holes of RO-membranes.

Spray drying

This is used to remove water from milk in order to produce powdered milk products. The nutritional value of milk remains constant.


Milk is filtered through a fine mesh, and the lactose (milk sugar), vitamins, and minerals that pass through are referred to as “permeate.”

Processing of Milk in Dairy Industry: Types of Milk Processing

Milk is the most valuable protein source according to milk processing wikipedia that people all over the world ingest. Milk is commonly available as a raw product on numerous dairy farms that are treated to boost the range of nutrients.

Dairy milk processing  

To separate the cream from the milk, the milk is spun in a centrifuge. Following separation, the cream and residual milk are combined together to provide the required fat content for the various varieties of milk produced.=


Buttermilk processing 

Buttermilk is prepared by heating skim or low-fat milk to 88 degrees Celsius (180 to 190 degrees Fahrenheit) for 30 minutes or 90 degrees Celsius (195 degrees Fahrenheit) for two to three minutes. To reduce whey, this heating technique is used to eliminate any naturally present bacteria and denature the protein (separation of liquid from solids).

Soya milk processing

Traditionally, soymilk is created by soaking soybeans in water overnight, then grinding the beans with water added throughout the grinding process. The soymilk slurry can also be made using full fat flakes, grits, or flour. For 1-30 minutes, the resultant slurry is cooked and stirred (depending on the temperature).

Almond milk processing

The standard manufacturing process is soaking and grinding almonds in a large amount of water. After sifting the almond pulp, a milky white liquid is produced (flesh). Almond milk may also be created by combining almond butter with water.

Skimmed milk processing

Skimmed milk is created by removing the fat from whole milk. This is often accomplished by first boiling whole milk (raw fresh milk) and then resting it for a period of time. Skimmed milk is one of the best calcium sources, with roughly 300 mg of calcium per cup.

Condensed milk processing

Sweetened condensed milk is created by adding sugar to whole milk and removing approximately half of the water from the milk. The product is canned or packed in non-sterile containers, with sugar functioning as a preservative.

Cow Milk Processing

Vacuum cups affixed to the teats of cows are used to milk them. The milk is transported via stainless steel pipes to massive refrigerated vats, where it is kept at 5°C or less.

Coconut Milk Processing

Traditional coconut milk preparation is shredding coconut meat, combining it with hot water, and pressing the liquid through a cheesecloth. This method yields a rich, fatty liquid known as coconut cream.

Goat Milk Processing

The essential processing procedures used in the processing of fluid goat milk are similar to those used in the processing of cow milk. The primary procedures and techniques employed include receiving milk, filtering, standardizing, pasteurizing, chilling, packaging, storing, and distributing fluid goat milk.

Aseptic milk processing

Aseptic milk is treated by ultra-high temperature pasteurization, which destroys any hazardous bacteria in the milk, and then instantly bottled in a sterile atmosphere into special packaging that prevents any air from reaching it.

Ultrafiltration milk processing

The ultrafiltration (UF) membrane divides the feed (for example, skim milk) into two streams, allowing water, dissolved salts, lactose, and acids to flow through while keeping (and hence concentrating) proteins and fat.

Equipment Used in Milk Processing (A Complete Milk Equipment List)

There are several dairy processing equipment that are used in the process of collection to packaging of dairy products. Aside spelling out this procedures clearly these machines helps ease processing.

Milk Pasteurization Machine

Milk pasteurizer machines may eradicate pathogenic germs that are hazardous to human health while also preserving milk quality to the greatest extent feasible. The milk pasteurization machine operates on the basis of the tubercle bacillus destruction curve and the cream separation thermal destruction curve.

Spray Dryer Milk Powder

Spray drying is the most common method for producing milk powders. The powder is made by converting liquid milk into a milk concentration or suspension. This concentration, when dried with a hot air spray, leaves behind milk powder after evaporation and chilling.

Centrifugation Machine for Milk

A centrifugal milk separator machine features conical discs that revolve at 6,000 to 10,000 revolutions per minute in a bowl (drum), depending on the type. When entire milk enters the bowl, centrifugal force forces it through the discs’ perforations.

Milk Bottling Equipment

The semi-final stage of milk processing that must be carefully done, from sterilization of the bottle to packaging. Bottle sizes differ depending on the cost of production and the market value, this machine helps secure the leads after measurement.

Homogenizer Machine for Milk

The mechanical process of milk homogenization includes processing the fat molecules in milk by shrinking the width of the fat globules and breaking them into smaller globules, increasing the total amount of fat globules in the milk. A milk homogenizer is the device used to carry out this procedure.

Milk Mixing Tank

The tanks may have a single stainless steel casing or be of the insulated variety. It is also possible to install temperature control equipment. Mineral wool is used to insulate insulated tanks, and a jacket outside the inner shell is used to pump a heating/cooling medium through it.

Boiler for Milk Processing

A milk industry boiler is essential to ensuring that raw milk is free of pathogens and other hazardous germs. In order to make sure that raw milk is safe for consumption and other milk processing activities, raw milk is heated in steam boilers.

Dairy Processing Equipment Manufacturers

Ginhong food mixers may be specially developed and built to meet individual requirements since every food production process is distinctive and no two manufacturing procedures are identical. Ginhong is well-versed in each application’s specific needs for the mixing procedure. After years of research, we have given clients in many sectors a variety of mixing solutions.

Ginhong products have unique design, stable quality, super services, competitive cost and over the years have left a mark of good reputation.


Homogenizing milk has advantages and disadvantages. The health issues mostly appear when you eat too much homogenized milk. There are no additives used in the mechanical process of homogenization. It is useful for large-scale dairy farms to homogenize milk since the procedure enables them to combine milk from various herds without any problems.

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